Julia Morgan – engineer, architect

Julia Morgan – Engineer, Architect


Fairmont Hotel, San Francisco. Julia Morgan, architect

Julia Morgan (b. San Francisco, California 1872; d. 1957) – Julia Morgan graduated from the University of California at Berkeley with an engineering degree, and studied architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Morgan’s buildings are distinguished by her client centered approach to design, her use of locally available materials, and her integration of the varied architectural traditions. Although Morgan’s buildings do not reflect one definitive style, they all exhibit a fine attention to detail and a craftsmanlike quality of construction.

Julia Morgan designed more than 700 buildings in California during a long and prolific career. She designed many buildings for institutions serving women and girls including YWCA buildings and buildings for Mills College. She is best known for her work on Hearst Castle in San Simeon, California.


Hearst Castle from the southwest

Her work includes

  • Livermore House, at San Francisco, California, 1917.
  • San Simeon, at San Simeon, California, 1922 to 1939.
  • Chinese Historical Society of America Museum and Learning Center, at San Francisco, California, 1932.
  • Wyntoon, at near Mount Shasta, California, 1924 to 1943.
  • YWCA
  • Mills College