Irmgard Flügge-Lotz (1903-1974)

Flügge-Lotz joined the Stanford faculty in 1950 as the university’s first female professor of engineering – applied mechanics and of aeronautics and astronautics.

She made significant advancements in methods for the prediction of aerodynamic pressures on bodies, wings and turbine blades, some of which were adopted as standard procedures throughout the world. In automatic control theory, she developed the first theory of discontinuous, or on-off, control systems.