In 1897, John Dewey wrote about learning by doing.: “The teacher is not in the school to impose certain ideas or to form certain habits in the child, but is there as a member of the community to select the influences which shall affect the child and to assist him in properly responding to these…….I believe, therefore, in the so-called expressive or constructive activities as the centre of correlation.”
e4k * Project-Based Learning (PBL)
There are many definitions and descriptions of teaching and learning models for student-centered active learning that have been developed and practiced over the years. These have been lumped together as xBL where x is: design, problem, inquiry, project, discover. There are differences between them, although most share some common elements like those described as Project-Based Learning.
- Project Based Learning Explained (video 3:39) – explains the essential elements of Project Based Learning (PBL). The video highlights the 21st Century skills and competencies (collaboration, communication, critical thinking) that will enable K-12 students to be college and work-ready as well as effective members of their communities.
- Project-based learning is a dynamic approach to teaching in which students explore real-world problems and challenges. With this type of active and engaged learning, students are inspired to obtain a deeper knowledge of the subjects they’re studying –Edutopia
- Project Based Learning is a teaching method in which students gain knowledge and skills by working for an extended period of time to investigate and respond to an authentic, engaging and complex question, problem, or challenge. –Buck Institute for Education
Edutopia’s 5 Keys core strategies.
- real-world connection
- core to learning
- structured collaboration – PBL provides a unique opportunity to help students practice critical thinking, collaboration, communication, and creativity. Optimize the environment for teamwork in the classroom – how to work together, tools to manage time and tasks, facilitate group work
- multifaceted assessment
Some of the other x-Based Learning
- Problem-Based Learning is characterized by students identifying what they already know, what they need to know, and how and where to access new information that may lead to the resolution of the problem.
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