Shirley Jackson

As a young girl, Jackson studied the bees in her backyard sparking a lifelong interest in science. She became the first African-American female PhD graduate of MIT (and the third to receive a bachelor degree). While working at Bell Labs, she developed inventions that lead to the creation of caller-ID and call-waiting. She went on to become the president of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, a prestigious engineering school.