Steam locomotive, running gear

The Industrial Revolution – In the years from the mid 1700s to the early 1800s, machine power replaced human and animal power. For example, steam engines were developed to pump water from mines.

The revolutionary developments included accurate clocks to measure longitude, steam engines, automatic machinery for creating textiles, mechanical printing, and steam-powered transportation. These forever changed the lives of people all over the world.

During the Industrial Revolution, the field of engineering moved from application of rules of thumb to application of science and math. During the Industrial Revolution, civil engineering and mechanical engineering developed as specializations.

  • Industrial steelmaking, 1850s – Mass-produced steel, made possible by a method known as the Bessemer process, became the basis of modern industry.
  • textiles
  • steam power – The adaption of stationary steam engines to rotary motion made them suitable for industrial uses. The high pressure engine had a high power to weight ratio, making it suitable for transportation. Steam power underwent a rapid expansion after 1800.

Engineering ideas

  • machines, power, steam engine, pump, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, rotary motion, pressure, power to weigh ratio