Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards (1842-1910)
- open the Women’s Laboratory at MIT, where women were taught basic and industrial chemistry, biology, and mineralogy.
In 1890, the New England Kitchen opened in Boston under Ellen Richards’ guidance. It offered low-cost and nutritious food to working class families and instructed in food preparation. Three years later, she created the Rumford Kitchen at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, which likewise provided inexpensive, but nutritious meals and informed people about nutrition and food preparation. At the time, she was also working as a dietary consultant to hospitals.