Tools and Basic Information for Design, Engineering and Construction of Technical Applications
- Acoustics – Room acoustics, acoustic properties – decibel A, B and C – Noise Rating (NR) curves, sound transmission, sound pressure, sound intensity, attenuation and more ..
- Air Psychrometrics – The study of moist and humid air – air condition – psychrometric charts, Mollier diagrams, air temperature, absolute and relative humidity, moisture content and more .
- Basics – Basic Information as SI-system, Unit converters, Physical constants…
- Combustion – Boiler house topics – fuels like oil, gas, coal, wood – chimneys, safety valves, tanks – combustion efficiency
- Drawing Tools – 2D and 3D drawing tools
- Dynamics – Dynamics Motion – velocity and acceleration
- Economics – Engineering economic concepts – cash flow diagrams, discount rate, internal rate of return – IRR, income taxes, inflation
- Electrical – Amps and electrical wiring, AWG – wire gauge, electrical formulas, motors and units
- Environment – Climate, Meteorology, Sun, Wind and environmental resources ..
- Fluid Mechanics – The study of fluids – liquids and gases. Involves various properties of the fluid, such as velocity, pressure, density and temperature, as functions of space and time.
- Gas and Compressed Air – Gas properties, capacities of pipelines, sizing of relief valves – air, LNG, LPG and more
- HVAC Systems – Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning systems …
- Hydraulics and Pneumatics – Hydraulic and pneumatic systems – force, pistons, pumps and fluids
- Insulation – Heat transfer and heat loss from buildings and technical applications – insulation methods and coefficients to reduce energy consumption
- Material Properties – Material properties – density, heat capacity, viscosity and more – for gases, fluids and solids
- Mathematics – Mathematical rules and laws – areas, volumes, exponents, trigonometric functions and more
- Mechanics – Kinematics, forces, vectors, motion, momentum, energy and the dynamics of objects
- Miscellaneous – Miscellaneous engineering related topics like Beaufort Wind Scale, CE-marking, drawing standards and more
- Physiology – Human physiology, air quality and comfort temperatures, activity and metabolic rates, health effects of carbon monoxide and more
- Piping Systems – Dimensions of pipes and tubes – dimensions, materials, capacities – pressure drop calculations and charts – insulation and heat loss diagrams
- Process Control – Instrumentation and process control systems – engineering and documentation
- Pumps – Piping systems and pumps – centrifugal pumps, displacement pumps – cavitation, viscosity, head and pressure, power consumption and more
- Standards Organizations – National and International organizations producing codes and standards – ANSI, ISO, DIN, BSi and more
- Steam and Condensate – Steam & condensate properties – capacities, pipe sizing, systems configuration and more
- Thermodynamics – The effects of work, heat and energy on a system
- Water Systems – Hot and cold water systems – design properties, capacities, sizing and more
- Look it up!
Although it is important to learn a lot of information to be an engineer, it is even more important to learn to solve problems. Some of the problems have to include specific rules, measurements, and calculations. In order to work out the solution, engineers rely on very detailed information. The good news is, they don’t have to remember everything! But they do need to know that the information is available, and where to look it up.
For example, if an engineer needs to know what kind of pipe to order to fix a leak in a gas line, there are plenty of resources available in books, catalogs, and even college textbooks. Most engineers rely on web sites like the Engineering Toolbox. This handy reference has “all” the information IF you know what you are looking for. Engineers ask themselves the questions that correspond to the steps in the [/Engineering%20Design%20Process Engineering Design Process] to find the answer.
- Ask (What? Ask questions, understand the need, identify the problem, define)
Some things about the problem are known. For example, gas is leaking and that should not be happening.
Q: What is known about the problem?
- Imagine (So what? Imagine, brainstorm, explore, discover)
Sometimes, just looking through a resource like the Engineering Toolbox helps solve the problem. Here are a lot of possible solutions.
Q: Do any of these solutions fix the problem or one like it?
- Plan (Now what? Plan, design)
Finding a general solution may not be enough. A new piece of pipe can fix the problem. There are lots of different types and sizes of pipe to chose from.
Q: What kind of pipe is required? How big should the pipe be?
- Create (Do it. Create, try it out)
After working out all the specifics for the type of pipe and quantity, the item has to be acquired and installed.
Q: Are special tools needed to install the pipe?
- Improve (If this then what? Improve, make it better)
Next time it is easier to look up information. Becoming familiar with the site, navigation, format, help make the job easier.
How could the information be organized to make it easier to find?
Engineering vocabulary, concepts
- toolbox, reference sites, standards
Show and Tell
Now it is your turn. Here are some challenges for you to work on…
- look through a section of the Engineering Toolbox. Notice how it is organized. Write notes to yourself as you begin to understand the section and the information that your find here.