basic human needs

Maslow’s Pyramid

  • Basic needs – food, water, clothing, housing, sanitation, education, healthcare * personal care, essential furnishings, transportation, communication, laundry
  • kids – infants, toys, games * celebration
  • improve, exploration, discovery

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and engineering
Pictured: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom
1. Physiological needs * air * [/Water Water] * food * metabolic requirements for survival * clothing * shelter * Breathing, circulation, temperature, intake of food and fluids, elimination of wastes, movement.

2. Safety needs * physical safety * economic safety * health and well-being * safety net * [/Housing Housing], community, climate.

3. Social belonging * emotionally significant relationships * friendships * intimacy * family

  • Engineering makes a significant contribution these needs. These can be met and sustained through communication – phone, video conferencing, even email and text. The ability to travel halfway around the world in a day at a price that many people can afford was unimaginable 50 years ago. On the personal side, engineers frequently form associations and friendships with other engineers. Having similar interests and shared experiences as the basis for these relationships.

4. Esteem * respect * recognition * sense of contribution or value * from others / self * strength, competence, mastery, self-confidence, independence, freedom.

  • Being an engineering professional is often well respected and well paid. Many engineers work on problems that contribute to the advancement of humanity, providing a sense of value.

5. Self-actualization * the desire to accomplish everything that one can, to become the most that one can be.

  • Many people who choose engineering have a desire to “do” something important and interesting. Engineers often have the opportunity to “stretch” – to solve problems that are just beyond what is known to accomplish the impossible.

6. Self-transcendence * higher goal outside oneself, in altruism and spirituality.

  • Although not limited to engineers, volunteering and community service provide opportunities to help others in a meaningful way through expertise, problem solving and resourcefulness.

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